Germany France 5G high speed network rollout information

Germany France 5G Mobile Network Quintessential Details.

  German national agency Bundesnetzagentur has declared on 28/11/2018 to accept application for 5g spectrum band auction till 25 January, 2019. Auction will happen in mid 2019. They ask company to develop urban as well as rural for better mobile and communication network. Here is the frequency range which allocated for 5G services. 3.7GHz to 3.8GHz and 26 GHz.  Frequency range from 2.4GHz and 5 GHz are for wireless broadband field. Germany has already auctioned spectrum 700MHz way back in 2015 which will available from 2019 for network carrier.

DT Deutsche Telekom (T-mobile) has started building 5g site at Berlin it has deployed six 5g antennas in May 2018 and will add 70 more at different sites. These antennas are working on 3.7 GHz band based on 5g new radio MIMO technology offer Gbps speed. Their future plan includes 27000 mobile base station / antenna sites for 5g wireless communication. They will use fiber to connect base station for high speed 5g network.  Deutsche Telekom will add 2000 new antenna site every year. At present they are working on 27000 mobile antenna sites. These antenna sites are based on S RAN single Radio Access network.

Telefonica (O2) and Nokia join hand for developing 5G innovation cluster. They will make trial at Munich lab and then onsite testing at Berlin using 4.5G and 5G network.  This test include Nokia’s latest technology include innovation cluster with Massive MIMO, MEC Multi-access Edge Computing for low latency along with active antenna technology. This cluster sites spans to five Nokia site using 5G Airscale radio.

France 5G network development and roll out.

               ARCEP Regulatory authority for electronic communications and post confirm 5g spectrum band allocation for frequency range 1400MHz, 3400 -3800MHz and 26GHz. France has already extend deal for  900MHz, 1800NHz and 2100MHz spectrum. France aim that by 2020 at least their smart city or metro city will have commercial 5G network.
Bouygues Telecom along with Ericsson and Qualcomm, on 4th January, 2019  carried out 5g test on real condition using 3GPP Release15 5G New Radio non standalone standard equipment like  Qualcomm Snapdragon X50 5G modem as terminal connected to ERICSSON 6488 active radio antennas as host at Lyon site using 3.5GHz frequency band. They are currently preparing 5g network at 11 cities of France.  In other test Bouygues Telecom achieve speed of 25Gbps latency only 3ms using Ericsson radio base station with active 5G antennas. Bouygues is currently installing urban micro cell as well as setting up Cloud RAN network and connecting radio site using fiber cable.

Orange has already conducted 5G related tests at chatillon and also doing test at Lille and Douai. Orange gets permission from ARCEP to use 3.7-3.8GHz band. Orange has used 3GPP standard Intel mobile platform and Ericsson host network involve virtual core network along with 5G active antennas. Orange plans to build new mobile antenna site which support both 4G and MIMO 5G. Nokia and Kathrein will develop antenna.

SFR has high speed 4G+ network which can provide 300Mbps speed. Along with that SRF has done test on 3.5GHz band at Velizy and achieved 1Gbps speed. SRF has started 5g roll out and full fledged commercial 5G services available in 2020.

South Africa 5g massiveMIMO network upgrade details

South Africa 5G Mobile Network unequivocal Information.

         In 2017 ICASA Independent communication authority of South Africa organize meeting for 5g frequency spectrum band auction and to decide strategy for 5G network development for country.  In September 2018 ICASA decide to auction  for 700MHz, 800MHz and 2.6GHz for mobile service but date has not been declared and in October 2018, 3.5 GHz spectrum allotted for 5G services but auction date is not fixed. 

MTN and Ericsson join hand to start 5g network at South Africa. They have build trail site at Midrand near Johannesburg. They are doing test on 28GHz frequency band, Ericsson provides host /access point for 5g new radio millimeter wave high caliber antenna while Intel 5G mobile platform act as a client which connect to 5G network.

RAIN partner with Nokia for 5g roll out at South Africa.  They start building 5G site from beginning of 2019. Commercial available after second quarter as 5G smartphone gadgets will be available at that time. Nokia will develop 5G WI-Fi network communication site at Western, Northern & Eastern Cape, Kwa-zulu, Natal and Mangaung.  This use Nokia 5G infrastructure called AirScale radio access which includes AirScale base station, High caliber antenna with massive MIMO, cloud RAN, airframe and Wi-Fi controller.

Vodacom has initiated 5G services for limited customer from august 2018 at Lesotho using 3.5GHz band offer 700Mbps download speed, 100 Mbps upload speed and 9ms latency. Yet fully commercial services has not started as they are deploying network. They also tested live sport using VR Video. Vodacom also have large fiber network for high speed broadband.

Upcoming 5G Mobile Necessary Hardware Requirement

Requisite Hardware for 5G Mobile.

  Many smartphone companies declare that by 2019, mostly after first quarter of 2019 5G mobile are available for end user. Yet no one has declared specification and necessary hardware of 5G mobile. Question arise are what are the hardwares of 5G Smartphone, operating system, software, external port for 5G, processor of 5G mobile, RAM of 5G mobile, internal memory and display type. Here I will explain must required features and hardware for upcoming 5G mobile.

5G Smartphone must have following criteria. 

1) 5G Smartphone must work with 5G, 4G and 3G network. Or at least work with 5G and 4G together.
2) 5G smartphone require 5G supported modem as well as 4G LTE MODEM / Modulation Demodulation.
3) It require 5G supported antenna as well 4G antennas.
4) Latency for 5G network will be less then 10ms. Processor must be better than octacore to get optimum performance.
5) Battery capacity must be far better than 4G as live gaming, virtual video and multi function application are used. So extensive use of battery power occur though it is said that 5G consume less power.
6) Need higher Storage and more RAM / Random Access Memory capacity.
7) It must have dual sim slot for nano sim or micro sim and Esim support.
8)5G smartphone require multiple protocol support as it can connect to drone, auto drive devices and other gadgets.
9) IoT Internet of Things support.

1) 5G smartphone must support 4G, 3G network.

               5G network installation is at initial stage and at some countries it is on pre preparation mode. By mid 2019, only few cities will have commercial 5G network. It will take 5 to 6 year for entire rollout of 5G. We can say by end of 2024 most of the counties will have 80% 5G network. Now if 5G smartphone launched this year then it must support 4G technology to have in network all the time.
               5G network use higher frequency band and 5G standard are 3GPP / 3rd Generation Partnership Project using new radio Millimeter wave technology mobile Wi-Fi communication. They have special high caliber antenna base station using massive MIMO. So 5G mobile must have antenna receiver to work at high frequency above 24GHz.  It should also work with sub 6GHz and 600MHz but here speed will not upto the mark.
             Now at present only few places 5G network will available rest is 4G+, 4G LTE. 4G use 2 to 8 GHz band while 3G use 1.8 to 2.4GHz. For 4G network most of the network carrier use 700MHz, 850MHz, 1900MHz and 2100MHz band. 4G uses principle of OFDM orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for signal modulation.  5G also use OFDM but it has more advance version of OFDM and it can use spectrum more better compare to 4G.
             5G has higher frequency so more pulse in signal compare to 4G. So software, antenna and protocol are different for both 5G and 4G. So initial 5G mobile must have support to 5G higher frequency bands and 4G lower frequency bands.

2) 5G Smartphone must have 5G modem as well as 4G LTE modem. 

               Modem modulate digital signal which understood by mobile platform and base station of network. After 5G launch you will connect to 5G and 4G network regularly. So you must have both mobile standard modems.  And mobile must have complier model software interface for both 5G and 4G.
Qualcomm Snapdragon X50 5G modem can work with both mmWave and sub 6GHz band. It automatically move to 4G LTE network when your mobile is out of 5G network.
Intel 5G modem RFIC radio frequency integrated circuit works with sub 6GHz and mmWave band. It support 3.3-4.2 GHz as well as 28 GHz. It supports both 2x2 and 4x4 MIMO configuration. Intel modem can provide speed over 5Gbps. It is Intel XMM 8160 5G processor.

3) Require both 4G and 5G antennas.

            In 5G data signal transmit in beam form. This high frequency beam can send and receive more energy using effective path method. They have according 5G kind active antennas. While in 4G signal transmit in different way. So mobile must have both kinds of antennas. In 5G signal beam are narrow compare to 4G. Narrow beam are for short distance and it require amplifier to keep signal strength for long distance.

4) 5G mobile processor.

            Qualcomm snapdragon 8 series mobile platforms built in 5G features along with artificial intelligence and extended reality. Most of 5G smartphone will come up with snapdragon 855.
Intel atom c3000 series processor is used at 5G network base station. It is said that 5G iPhone come up with Intel modem or processor.

5) Battery for 5G mobile.

5G technologies consume less power compare to other technology. But 5G has more feature and facility and due to that extensive use of mobile need more battery power. Secondly VR video, live gaming, HD streaming and Internet of Things will demand more battery capacity for 5G phones. 

6) Storage and RAM capacity of 5G handset.

Internal memory shall be at least 512GB or more. As you can download 50GB data in 1 minute. So 64GB, 128GB is not feasible for 5G mobile.
        Latest mobile have 8GB RAM. But when you talking about 5G you are using next generation new radio millimeter wave technology. You are about to use VR video, live sport steaming, gaming and Internet of Things. All this require more cache memory. So RAM must have more capacity compare to 8GB to get best result of 5G mobile.

7) 5G cellphone need dual sim and E-SIM support.

5G network will not available at all places so we need 3G, 4G sim also. And if E-sim support than we can save multiple E-SIM on one mobile.
         Samsung, LG, Motorola, Huawei, Nokia, HTC, ZTE, Apple iPhone, Oneplus, Oppo, Xiaomi redmi will launch 5G mobile in 2019.